Fundamentals of Programming with Java
- All programming languages share common traits - Java in particular is an Object Oriented programming language - Everything can be represented as an Object (think of of nouns in the English language) - a Chair, a Desk, a Person, a User etc.
- What is a variable? - In computer programming, a variable is a storage location and an associated symbolic name which contains some known or unknown quantity or information, a value.
- cryptic, here’s what it really means: - Store information for later use, and store it in a way that you can reference it - this is known as a variable name! - variable name is just a word, a word that represent’s what you’re storing
- if you go to a website, website asks for your name, you type it in, boom that’s a variable
Variables have Types
- String – store a regular sentence (alphanumeric – numbers and letters) - Integer – Whole numbers on (no decimals) - Double – Number with decimals (about 16 significant figures) - Float – Number with fewer decimal places than Double (about 8 significant figures)
Rules for Creating Variables
- Variables should start with a lower case letter
- Variables shouldn’t have spaces in their names (it’s not allowed)
- If you absolutely HAVE to simulate a space in a variable name, use an underscore (_)
- If your variable has multiple words in it, just use camel casing, for example:
- Note: as a rule of thumb, variable names should be no more than 4 or 5 words stuck together
- You can’t begin a variable name with a number, it has to be a letter or an underscore (_)